Topicwise Questions - Climate & Weather

Multiple Choice Questions - Climate and Weather Related

1. The main cause of global climatic change is

  1. Increase in the content of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere
  2. Emissions of industrial gases
  3. Adding of dust
  4. Changes in plant cover

2. If there is no carbon dioxide in the earth’s atmosphere, the temperature of earth’s surface would be

  1. Dependent on the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere
  2. Higher than the present
  3. Less than the present
  4. The same

3. High pressure sub-tropical calm belts known as ‘Horse Latitudes’ lie between

  1. 0° and 10°
  2. 15° and 25°
  3. 20° and 25°
  4. 30° and 35°

4. Which from the following can cause a tsunami?

  1. Volcano
  2. Avalanche
  3. Tornado
  4. Earthquake

5. The direction to which wind blows is known as -

  1. Windward
  2. Leeward
  3. Eleaving side
  4. None of these

6. Consider the following statements :

  1. All cyclones develop an eye at the centre.
  2. The temperature inside the eye is nearly 10° C lesser than that of the surroundings.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

7. Which one of the following is a low cloud?

  1. Cirrocumulus
  2. Cirrostratus
  3. Altocumulus
  4. Nimbostratus

8. Which region of the Earth’s surface is called doldrums?

  1. Equatorial low pressure belt
  2. Sub-tropical high pressure belt
  3. Between 10° to 23½° North and South Latitudes
  4. Sub-polar low pressure belt

9. Which one of the following pairs of oceans and currents is not correctly matched?

  1. North Atlantic Ocean : Canaries current
  2. Eastern Pacific Ocean : Kuroshio current
  3. South Atlantic Ocean : Falkland current
  4. Indian Ocean : Agulhas current

10. Savanna natural region is characterized by which one of the following?

  1. A distinct wet and dry season with annual range of temperature between 3° C – 8° C.
  2. Broad-leaf evergreen forests and grasses
  3. Uniformly high temperature throughout the year
  4. No spatial variation in mean annual rainfall

11. Name the continent where ‘Tundra’ type of climate is not found

  1. Europe
  2. Asia
  3. Africa
  4. North America

12. If the temperature of a place increases suddenly the relative humidity

  1. Increases
  2. Decreases
  3. Remains constant
  4. Fluctuates

13. Which one of the following is the example of planetary winds?

  1. Monsoon
  2. Trade wind
  3. Land and sea breezes
  4. Chinook

14. The dew point is the temperature at which -

  1. water in the liquid state changes to vapour
  2. the dew begins to evaporate
  3. water vapour condenses to a liquid
  4. hailstones are formed

15. Threat of global warming is increasing due to increasing concentration of

  1. Nitrous oxide
  2. Ozone
  3. Sulphur dioxide
  4. Carbon dioxide


16. EI Nino is

  1. A sea storm
  2. A warm ocean current
  3. A tropical disturbance
  4. Another name of typhoon

17. The earth revolves round the sun. This causes :

  1. Formation of day and night
  2. Deflection of winds and currents
  3. Change of seasons
  4. Differences in longitude and time

18. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

List-I (Instrument)List – II (Used to measure)
A. Udometer1. Atmospheric pressure
B. Barometer2. Rainfall
C. Anemometer3. Humidity
D. Hygrometer4. Wind speed

Code:

  1. A - 2; B - 3; C - 1; D - 4
  2. A - 2; B - 1; C - 4; D - 3
  3. A - 4; B - 1; C - 3; D - 2
  4. A - 4; B - 3; C - 1; D - 2

19. Monsoon is caused by

  1. Impact of summer temperatures on the seas.
  2. Movement of clouds
  3. Seasonal reversal of winds
  4. Rise in temperature

20. Consider the following statements :

  1. Either of the two belts over the oceans at about 30° to 35° N and S Latitudes is known as Horse Latitude.
  2. Horse latitudes are low pressure belts.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

21. The snow on the mountains does NOT melt all at once when it is heated by the sun because

  1. It becomes very hard
  2. It reflects most of the heat from the sun
  3. It has a low specific heat capacity
  4. It has a high latent heat of fusion

22. Extensive deserts occur in the western tropical regions of continents because -

  1. of easterly trade winds
  2. cold ocean currents flow along the western coasts
  3. of the effect of both the off shore easterly trade winds and cold ocean currents
  4. the rate of evaporation is greater along the western margin areas

23. Seasons occur because :

  1. The rotation of earth
  2. The earth’s revolution around the sun
  3. The earth’s axis is inclined by 66½°
  4. Combined effect of (b) and (c) above

24. The standard sea level in millibars is

  1. 1013 mb
  2. 1060 mb
  3. 960 mb
  4. 990 mb

25. A huge mass of snow moving slowly down the valley and slopes of mountains till it melts after passing the snow line is called :

  1. Iceberg
  2. Glacier
  3. Avalanche
  4. Typhoon

26. Isotherms are :

  1. contour lines showing equal amount of sunshine
  2. lines on a map joining places which have the same mean temperature
  3. contour lines of equal rainfall
  4. contour lines of equal air pressure

27. What is a ‘tornado’?

  1. A very high pressure centre
  2. A very low pressure centre
  3. A very high ocean wave
  4. A planetary wind

28. Consider the following statements:

  1. The approach of a cyclone is characterized by a rise in barometric reading.
  2. In the cyclones of the northern hemisphere, the winds circulate in anti-clockwise direction.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

29. The fraction of solar energy reflected from Earth into space is known as

  1. insolation
  2. albedo
  3. irradiation
  4. heat loss

30. What kind of deserts are the Atacama desert and Gobi desert?

  1. trade wind deserts
  2. subtropical deserts
  3. rainshadow deserts
  4. monsoon deserts