Subjectwise Questions - Diseases

1. Due to contraction of eyeball, a long-sighted eye can see only

  1. farther objects which is corrected by using convex lens
  2. farther objects which is corrected by using concave lens
  3. nearer objects which is corrected by using convex lens
  4. nearer objects which is corrected by using concave lens

2. Which one among the following is not correct about Down’s syndrome?

  1. It is a genetic disorder
  2. Effected individual has early ageing
  3. Effected person has mental retardation
  4. Effected person has furrowed tongue with open mouth

3. Insects that can transmit diseases to human are referred to as

  1. carriers
  2. reservoirs
  3. vectors
  4. incubators

4. Which of the following diseases are transmitted from one person to another?

  1. AIDS
  2. Cirrhosis
  3. Hepatitis B
  4. Syphilis

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Code:

  1. 1, 2, 3 and 4
  2. 1, 3 and 4 only
  3. 1 and 2 only
  4. 2, 3 and 4 only

5. One of the occupational health hazards commonly faced by the workers of ceramics, pottery and glass industry is

  1. stone formation in gall bladder
  2. melanoma
  3. silicosis
  4. stone formation in kidney

6. The anti-malarial drug Quinine is made from a plant. The plant is

  1. Neem
  2. Eucalyptus
  3. Cinnamon
  4. Cinchona

7. To suspect HIV/AIDS in a young individual, which one among the following symptoms is mostly associated with?

  1. Long standing jaundice and chronic liver disease
  2. Sever anaemia
  3. Chronic diarrhoea
  4. Severe persistent headache

8. Hypertension is the term used for

  1. Increase in heart rate
  2. Decrease in heart rate
  3. Decrease in blood pressure
  4. Increase in blood pressure

9. Acute lead poisoning is also known as

  1. Itai- Itai
  2. Plumbism
  3. Neuralgia
  4. Byssinosis

10. Oral Rehydration Therapy is recommended for

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Typhoid
  3. Tetanus
  4. Cholera

11. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

List I
(Disease)
List II
(Diagnosis)
A. AIDS 1. Widal test
B. Plague 2. Wayson stain test
C. Typhoid 3. ELISA test
 

4. Mantoux test


Code:

  1. A - 4; B - 3; C - 2;
  2. A - 3; B - 2; C - 1;
  3. A - 1; B - 2; C - 3;
  4. A - 3; B - 2; C - 4;

12. In the context of genetic disorders, consider the following:

A woman suffers from colour blindness while her husband does not suffer from it. They have a son and a daughter. In this context, which one of the following statements is most probably correct?

  1. Both children suffer from colour blindness
  2. Daughter suffers from the colour blindness while the son does not suffer from it.
  3. Both children do not suffer from colour blindness.
  4. Son suffers from the colour blindness while daughter does not suffer from it.

13. Which one of the following diseases is caused by a protozoan?

  1. Cholera
  2. Malaria
  3. Tuberculosis
  4. Typhoid

14. Which of the following disease is not transmitted by Aedes aegypti?

  1. Chikungunya
  2. Dengue
  3. Chicken-pox
  4. Yellow fever

15. The first effective vaccine against polio was prepared by

  1. JH Gibbon
  2. Jonas E Salk
  3. Robert Edwards
  4. James Simpson

16. Minamata disease was caused by

  1. Mercury
  2. Lead
  3. Cadmium
  4. Zinc

17. Which one of the following kinds of organims causes malaria?

  1. Bacterium
  2. Fungus
  3. Protozoan
  4. Virus

18. Which of the following diseases is not caused by viruses?

  1. Cholera
  2. Chickenpox
  3. Hepatitis
  4. Measles

19. If the lens in eye becomes opaque, the disease is called :

  1. Myopia
  2. Astigmatism
  3. Glaucoma
  4. Cataract

20. The toxicity of which of the following heavy metals leads to liver cirrhosis?

  1. Copper
  2. Lead
  3. Mercury
  4. Zinc

21. Typhoid is caused by

  1. Pseudomonas sp.
  2. Staphylococcus
  3. Bacillus
  4. Salmonella typhi

22. BCG immunization is for

  1. Measles
  2. Tuberculosis
  3. Diphtheria
  4. Leprosy

23. Which one of the following diseases is caused by virus?

  1. Tuberculosis
  2. Typhoid
  3. Influenza
  4. Diphtheria

24. Malaria in human body is caused by which one of the following organisms?

  1. Bacteria
  2. Virus
  3. Mosquito
  4. Protozoan

25. Ringworm is a ......... disease.

  1. Bacterial
  2. Protozoan
  3. Viral
  4. Fungal