Topicwise Questions - Human Anatomy - 2

26. In man the normal number of chromosomes is

  1. 42
  2. 46
  3. 44
  4. 45

27. In the human body, Cowper's glands form a part of which one of the following?

  1. Digestive system
  2. Endocrine system
  3. Reproductive system
  4. Nervous system

28. Which of the following parts does not take part in the process of breathing?

  1. Bronchi
  2. Bowman's Capsule
  3. Diaphragm
  4. Trachea

29. Which one of the following elements is needed in the human body to transfer electric signals by nerve cells?

  1. Lithium
  2. Sodium
  3. Rubidium
  4. Caesium

30. If bilrubin is high in human body, which of the following organs is effected?

  1. Pancreas
  2. Liver
  3. Kidney
  4. Small Intestine

31. In the human body, appendix is attached to -

  1. large intestine
  2. small intestine
  3. stomach
  4. gall bladder

32. In the human body, which one of the following hormones regulates blood calcium and phosphate?

  1. Glucagon
  2. Growth hormone
  3. Parathyroid hormone
  4. Thyroxine

33. In human beings, normally, the sperm fertilises the ovum in which of the following parts?

  1. Cervix
  2. Fallopian tube
  3. Lower part of uterus
  4. Upper part of uterus

34. Which one of the following parts of human brain is the regulating centre for swallowing and vomiting?

  1. Cerebellum
  2. Cerebrum
  3. Medulla oblongata
  4. Pons

35. Which one of the following types of tissues have contractile proteins?

  1. Nervous tissue
  2. Muscle tissue
  3. Bone tissue
  4. Blood tissue

36. Which part of the brain controls respiration?

  1. Cerebral cortex
  2. Medulla oblongata
  3. Cerebellum
  4. Cerebrum

37. The function of Trypsin is to

  1. break down fats
  2. synthesize proteins
  3. break down proteins
  4. break down carbohydrates

38. Muscle fatigue is caused by the accumulation of

  1. Pyruvic acid
  2. Lactic acid
  3. Oxalacetic acid
  4. Uric acid

39. Which are not included in the milk-teeth in a child of 3-4 years ?

  1. Incisors
  2. Canines
  3. Molars
  4. Premolars

40. What does enamel cover?

  1. Crown of the tooth
  2. Dentin on all sides
  3. Cementum
  4. Cementum and partly dentin

41. The acid which is secreted by the glands in the stomach wall is

  1. sulphuric acid
  2. hydrochloric acid
  3. nitric acid
  4. phosphoric acid

42. Which one of the following organs excretes water, fat and various catabolic wastes?

  1. Kidney
  2. Skin
  3. Spleen
  4. Salivary glands

43. A surge of which hormone stimulates ovulation in human females?

  1. Luteinizing hormone
  2. Estrogen
  3. Follicle stimulating hormone
  4. Progesterone

44. Universal receivers can receive blood from

  1. Group AB only
  2. Group O only
  3. Groups O, A, B, AB
  4. Groups A, AB

45. The enzyme that is present in the saliva of man is

  1. Pepsin
  2. Renin
  3. Amylase
  4. Trypsin

46. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in the order of decreasing length of the three structural parts given below of small intestine in the human body ?

  1. Jejunum - Duodenum - Ileum
  2. Ileum - Duodenum - Jejunum
  3. Jejunum - Ileum - Duodenum
  4. Ileum - Jejunum - Duodenum

47. Which one of the following is not a digestive enzyme in the human system?

  1. Trypsin
  2. Gastrin
  3. Ptyalin
  4. Pepsin

48. Dehydration in human body is caused due to the loss of -

  1. Vitamins
  2. Salts
  3. Hormones
  4. Water

49. Production of which one of the following is a function of the liver?

  1. Lipase
  2. Urea
  3. Mucus
  4. Hydrochloric acid

50. If by an unknown accident the acid secreting cells of the stomach wall of an individual are damaged, digestion of which one of the following biomolecule will be affected to a greater extent?

  1. Protein only
  2. Lipid
  3. Carbohydrate
  4. Protein and carbohydrate